Many OSHA standards require employers to train their employees regarding the safety and health aspects of the jobs they perform. Certain OSHA standards also make it the employer’s responsibility to limit particular job assignments to employees who are:
For the qualifications listed above, employees are required to have specialized training and education through their employer or outside of the workplace to be able to fill these special roles.
Safety training for all employees is the key to a successful safety and health program. This will help to protect workers from accidents and illnesses, or worse, a fatality. Extensive research has shown that newly hired employees have a higher rate of accidents and serious injuries than their more experienced counterparts. A successful new hire orientation enables employees to become more knowledgeable about the hazards they face.
With so many OSHA standards for General Industry, how will you determine what training is needed in the workplace? OSHA has developed guidelines that are designed to help employers:
(1) “Determine whether a worksite problem can be solved by training
(2) Determine what training, if any, is needed
(3) Identify goals and objectives for the training
(4) Design learning activities
(5) Conduct training
(6) Determine the effectiveness of the training
(7) Revise the training program based on feedback from employees, supervisors, and others”
Once you have determined the required and most appropriate training related to employee safety in whole or in part, training must then be implemented. Look at the possibility of implementing engineering controls or hazard abatement to solve the problem as well.
OSHA has published a guideline regarding training requirements for the general industry. Let’s look at a brief list of a few standards that require training:
- Means of Egress – Subpart E
- Hazardous Materials – Subpart H
- Powered Platforms, Manlifts, and Vehicle Mounted Work Platforms – Subpart F
- Occupational Health and Environmental Controls – Subpart G
- Hazardous Materials -Subpart H
- Personal Protective Equipment – Subpart I
- General Environmental Controls – Subpart J
- Medical Services and First Aid – Subpart K
- Fire Protection – Subpart L
- Materials Handling and Storage – Subpart N
- Machinery and Machine Guarding – Subpart O
- Welding, Cutting, and Brazing – Subpart Q
- Specialized industries – Subpart R
- Electrical Safety – Subpart S
- Commercial Driving operations – Subpart T
- Toxic and hazardous Substances – Subpart Z
The free guide is a valuable reference for those in need of training program assistance. There are also other options where free resources are available—including OSHA full-service area offices, state agencies which have their own OSHA-approved occupational safety and health programs, OSHA-funded state onsite consultation programs for employers, local safety councils, the OSHA Office of Training and Education, and the OSHA-funded New Directions grantees. Online or classroom training regarding workplace safety is a great way to get started. Stay focused on site-specific hazards and stay safe!